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Ethical Standards

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Ethical Principles
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Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc
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INTRODUCTION AND APPLICABILITY

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc. Ethical Principles of  Code of Conduct (hereinafter referred to as the Ethics Code) consists of an Introduction, a Preamble, five General Principles (A - E), and specific Ethical Standards. The Introduction discusses the intent, organization, procedural considerations, and scope of application of the Ethics Code. The Preamble and General Principles are aspirational goals to guide Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc state licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  toward the highest ideals of counseling. Although the Preamble and General Principles are not themselves enforceable rules, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc state licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  should consider them in arriving at an ethical course of action. The Ethical Standards set forth enforceable rules for conduct as State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  .  . Most of the Ethical Standards are written broadly, in order to apply to Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc state licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  in varied roles, although the application of an Ethical Standard may vary depending on the context. The Ethical Standards are not exhaustive. The fact that an Ethical Standard does not specifically address a given conduct does not mean that it is necessarily either ethical or unethical.

This Ethics Code applies to Licensed Professional Counselors, Psychotherapists Marriage and Family Therapists, board employees, contract employees, staff and executive faculty.

  Areas covered include but are not limited to the Licensed professional counseling, psychotherapy and development of assessment instruments; conducting assessments; educational counseling; organizational consulting; forensic activities; program design and evaluation; and administration.

This Ethics Code applies to these activities across a variety of contexts, such as in person, postal, telephone, internet, and other electronic transmissions. These activities shall be distinguished from the purely private conduct of State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  , which is not within the purview of the Ethics Code.

This document commits employees and student affiliates to comply with the standards of the  Ethics Code and to the rules and procedures used to enforce them. Lack of awareness or misunderstanding of an Ethical Standard is not itself a defense to a charge of unethical conduct.

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Board of Directors and the Executive Director  may impose sanctions on employees for violations of the standards of the Ethics Code, including termination of  employment, and may notify other bodies and individuals of its actions.  In addition, Ru'ah Counseling Centers (RCC)  may take action against a member after his or her conviction of a felony, expulsion or suspension from an affiliated state counseling association, or suspension or loss of licensure. When the sanction to be imposed by  is less than expulsion, RCC does not guarantee an opportunity for an in-person hearing, but generally provide that complaints will be resolved only on the basis of a submitted record.

The Ethics Code is intended to provide standards of professional conduct and  guidance for Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel.

 The Ethics Code is not intended to be a basis of civil liability. Whether a State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  , administrative or executive staff member  has violated the Ethics Code standards does not by itself determine whether the state licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff member  legally liable in a court action, whether a contract is enforceable, or whether other legal consequences occur.

The modifiers used in some of the standards of this Ethics Code (e.g., reasonably, appropriate, potentially) are included in the standards when they would (1) allow professional judgment on the part of State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  .  , (2) eliminate injustice or inequality that would occur without the modifier, (3) ensure applicability across the broad range of activities conducted by State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  or (4) guard against a set of rigid rules that might be quickly outdated. As used in this Ethics Code, the term reasonable means the prevailing professional judgment of Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical personnel, administrative and executive staff members  engaged in similar activities in similar circumstances, given the knowledge the State licensed mental health professionals, administrative and executive staff members  had or should have had at the time.

In the process of making decisions regarding their professional behavior, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc state licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  must consider this Ethics Code in addition to applicable laws and psychology board regulations. In applying the Ethics Code to their professional work, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical personnel, administrative and executive staff members  may consider other materials and guidelines that have been adopted or endorsed by scientific and professional counseling organizations and the dictates of their own conscience, as well as consult with others within the field. If this Ethics Code establishes a higher standard of conduct than is required by law, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical personnel, administrative and executive staff members  must meet the higher ethical standard. If State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  ethical responsibilities conflict with law, regulations, or other governing legal authority, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical personnel, administrative and executive staff members  make known their commitment to this Ethics Code and take steps to resolve the conflict in a responsible manner. If the conflict is irresolvable via such means, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical personnel, administrative and executive staff members  may adhere to the requirements of the law, regulations, or other governing authority in keeping with basic principles of human rights.

PREAMBLE

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical personnel, administrative and executive staff members  are committed to increasing scientific and professional knowledge of behavior and people's understanding of themselves and others and to the use of such knowledge to improve the condition of individuals, organizations, and society. Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical personnel, administrative and executive staff members  respect and protect civil and human rights and the central importance of freedom of inquiry and expression in research, teaching, and publication. They strive to help the public in developing informed judgments and choices concerning human behavior. In doing so, they perform many roles, such as researcher, educator, diagnostician, therapist, supervisor, consultant, administrator, social interventionist, and expert witness. This Ethics Code provides a common set of principles and standards upon which Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical personnel, executive and administrative staff build their professional and scientific work.

This Ethics Code is intended to provide specific standards to cover most situations encountered by state licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members . It has as its goals the welfare and protection of the individuals and groups with whom Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive  personnel work and the education of employees, students, and the public regarding ethical standards of the discipline.

The development of a dynamic set of ethical standards for State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members work-related conduct requires a personal commitment and lifelong effort to act ethically; to encourage ethical behavior by students, supervisees, employees, and colleagues; and to consult with others concerning ethical problems.

GENERAL PRINCIPLES

This section consists of General Principles. General Principles, as opposed to Ethical Standards, are aspirational in nature. Their intent is to guide and inspire Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical executive and administrative personnel toward the very highest ethical ideals of the profession. General Principles, in contrast to Ethical Standards, do not represent obligations and should not form the basis for imposing sanctions. Relying upon General Principles for either of these reasons distorts both their meaning and purpose.

Principle A: Beneficence and Non-malfeasance

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel strive to benefit those with whom they work and take care to do no harm. In their professional actions, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel seek to safeguard the welfare and rights of those with whom they interact professionally and other affected persons, and the welfare of animal subjects of research. When conflicts occur among State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members obligations or concerns, they attempt to resolve these conflicts in a responsible fashion that avoids or minimizes harm. Because State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members   scientific and professional judgments and actions may affect the lives of others, they are alert to and guard against personal, financial, social, organizational, or political factors that might lead to misuse of their influence. Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, strive to be aware of the possible effect of their own physical and mental health on their ability to help those with whom they work.

Principle B: Fidelity and Responsibility

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, establish relationships of trust with those with whom they work. They are aware of their professional and scientific responsibilities to society and to the specific communities in which they work. Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, uphold professional standards of conduct, clarify their professional roles and obligations, accept appropriate responsibility for their behavior, and seek to manage conflicts of interest that could lead to exploitation or harm. Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, consult with, refer to, or cooperate with other professionals and institutions to the extent needed to serve the best interests of those with whom they work. They are concerned about the ethical compliance of their colleagues' scientific and professional conduct. Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, strive to contribute a portion of their professional time for little or no compensation or personal advantage.

Principle C: Integrity

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, seek to promote accuracy, honesty, and truthfulness in the science, teaching, and practice of psychology. In these activities Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not steal, cheat, or engage in fraud, subterfuge, or intentional misrepresentation of fact. Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, strive to keep their promises and to avoid unwise or unclear commitments. In situations in which deception may be ethically justifiable to maximize benefits and minimize harm, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, have a serious obligation to consider the need for, the possible consequences of, and their responsibility to correct any resulting mistrust or other harmful effects that arise from the use of such techniques.

Principle D: Justice

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, recognize that fairness and justice entitle all persons to access to and benefit from the contributions of psychology and to equal quality in the processes, procedures, and services being conducted by State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  .  . Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, exercise reasonable judgment and take precautions to ensure that their potential biases, the boundaries of their competence, and the limitations of their expertise do not lead to or condone unjust practices.

Principle E: Respect for People's Rights and Dignity

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, respect the dignity and worth of all people, and the rights of individuals to privacy, confidentiality, and self-determination. Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, are aware that special safeguards may be necessary to protect the rights and welfare of persons or communities whose vulnerabilities impair autonomous decision-making. Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, are aware of and respect cultural, individual, and role differences, including those based on age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, language, and socioeconomic status and consider these factors when working with employees of such groups. Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, try to eliminate the effect on their work of biases based on those factors, and they do not knowingly participate in or condone activities of others based upon such prejudices.

ETHICAL STANDARDS

1.Resolving Ethical Issues

1.01 Misuse of State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members   Work

If Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, learn of misuse or misrepresentation of their work, they take reasonable steps to correct or minimize the misuse or misrepresentation.

1.02 Conflicts Between Ethics and Law, Regulations, or Other Governing Legal Authority

If State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members   ethical responsibilities conflict with law, regulations, or other governing legal authority, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, make known their commitment to the Ethics Code and take steps to resolve the conflict. If the conflict is irresolvable via such means, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, may adhere to the requirements of the law, regulations, or other governing legal authority.

1.03 Conflicts Between Ethics and Organizational Demands

If the demands of an organization with which Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, are affiliated or for whom they are working conflict with this Ethics Code, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, clarify the nature of the conflict, make known their commitment to the Ethics Code, and to the extent feasible, resolve the conflict in a way that permits adherence to the Ethics Code.

1.04 Informal Resolution of Ethical Violations

When Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, believe that there may have been an ethical violation by another State licensed mental health professional, they attempt to resolve the issue by bringing it to the attention of that individual, if an informal resolution appears appropriate and the intervention does not violate any confidentiality rights that may be involved. (See also Standards 1.02, Conflicts Between Ethics and Law, Regulations, or Other Governing Legal Authority, and 1.03, Conflicts Between Ethics and Organizational Demands.)

1.05 Reporting Ethical Violations

If an apparent ethical violation has substantially harmed or is likely to substantially harm a person or organization and is not appropriate for informal resolution under Standard 1.04, Informal Resolution of Ethical Violations, or is not resolved properly in that fashion, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, take further action appropriate to the situation. Such action might include referral to state or national committees on professional ethics, to state licensing boards, or to the appropriate institutional authorities. This standard does not apply when an intervention would violate confidentiality rights or when Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, have been retained to review the work of another State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  whose professional conduct is in question.(See also Standard 1.02, Conflicts Between Ethics and Law, Regulations, or Other Governing Legal Authority.)

1.06 Cooperating With Ethics Committees

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, cooperate in ethics investigations, proceedings, and resulting requirements of the or any affiliated state counseling association to which they belong. In doing so, they address any confidentiality issues. Failure to cooperate is itself an ethics violation. However, making a request for deferment of adjudication of an ethics complaint pending the outcome of litigation does not alone constitute non-cooperation.

1.07 Improper Complaints

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not file or encourage the filing of ethics complaints that are made with reckless disregard for or willful ignorance of facts that would disprove the allegation.

1.08 Unfair Discrimination Against Complainants and Respondents

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not deny persons employment, advancement, admissions to academic or other programs, tenure, or promotion, based solely upon their having made or their being the subject of an ethics complaint. This does not preclude taking action based upon the outcome of such proceedings or considering other appropriate information.

2.Competence

2.01 Boundaries of Competence

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, provide services, teach, and conduct research with populations and in areas only within the boundaries of their competence, based on their education, training, supervised experience, consultation, study, or professional experience.

(b) Where scientific or professional knowledge in the discipline of psychology establishes that an understanding of factors associated with age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, language, or socioeconomic status is essential for effective implementation of their services or research, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, have or obtain the training, experience, consultation, or supervision necessary to ensure the competence of their services, or they make appropriate referrals, except as provided in Standard 2.02, Providing Services in Emergencies.

(c) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, planning to provide services, teach, or conduct research involving populations, areas, techniques, or technologies new to them undertake relevant education, training, supervised experience, consultation, or study.

(d) When Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, are asked to provide services to individuals for whom appropriate mental health services are not available and for which Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, have not obtained the competence necessary, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, with closely related prior training or experience may provide such services in order to ensure that services are not denied if they make a reasonable effort to obtain the competence required by using relevant research, training, consultation, or study.

(e) In those emerging areas in which generally recognized standards for preparatory training do not yet exist, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, nevertheless take reasonable steps to ensure the competence of their work and to protect clients/patients, students, supervisees, research participants, organizational clients, and others from harm.

(f) When assuming forensic roles, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, are or become reasonably familiar with the judicial or administrative rules governing their roles.

2.02 Providing Services in Emergencies

In emergencies, when Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, provide services to individuals for whom other mental health services are not available and for which Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, have not obtained the necessary training, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, may provide such services in order to ensure that services are not denied. The services are discontinued as soon as the emergency has ended or appropriate services are available.

2.03 Maintaining Competence

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, undertake ongoing efforts to develop and maintain their competence.

2.04 Bases for Scientific and Professional Judgments

State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  work is based upon established scientific and professional knowledge of the discipline. (See also Standards 2.01e, Boundaries of Competence, and 10.01b, Informed Consent to Therapy.)

2.05 Delegation of Work to Others

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, who delegate work to employees, supervisees, or research or teaching assistants or who use the services of others, such as interpreters, take reasonable steps to (1) avoid delegating such work to persons who have a multiple relationship with those being served that would likely lead to exploitation or loss of objectivity; (2) authorize only those responsibilities that such persons can be expected to perform competently on the basis of their education, training, or experience, either independently or with the level of supervision being provided; and (3) see that such persons perform these services competently. (See also Standards 2.02, Providing Services in Emergencies; 3.05, Multiple Relationships; 4.01, Maintaining Confidentiality; 9.01, Bases for Assessments; 9.02, Use of Assessments; 9.03, Informed Consent in Assessments; and 9.07, Assessment by Unqualified Persons.)

2.06 Personal Problems and Conflicts

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, refrain from initiating an activity when they know or should know that there is a substantial likelihood that their personal problems will prevent them from performing their work-related activities in a competent manner.

(b) When Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, become aware of personal problems that may interfere with their performing work-related duties adequately, they take appropriate measures, such as obtaining professional consultation or assistance, and determine whether they should limit, suspend, or terminate their work-related duties. (See also Standard 10.10, Terminating Therapy.)

3.Human Relations

3.01 Unfair Discrimination

In their work-related activities, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not engage in unfair discrimination based on age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, socioeconomic status, or any basis proscribed by law.

3.02 Sexual Harassment

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not engage in sexual harassment. Sexual harassment is sexual solicitation, physical advances, or verbal or nonverbal conduct that is sexual in nature, that occurs in connection with the state licensed mental health professionals activities or roles as a state licensed mental health professional, and that either (1) is unwelcome, is offensive, or creates a hostile workplace or educational environment, and the state licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  knows or is told this or (2) is sufficiently severe or intense to be abusive to a reasonable person in the context. Sexual harassment can consist of a single intense or severe act or of multiple persistent or pervasive acts. (See also Standard 1.08, Unfair Discrimination Against Complainants and Respondents.)

3.03 Other Harassment

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel,do not knowingly engage in behavior that is harassing or demeaning to persons with whom they interact in their work based on factors such as those persons' age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, language, or socioeconomic status.

3.04 Avoiding Harm

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, take reasonable steps to avoid harming their clients/patients, students, supervisees, research participants, organizational clients, and others with whom they work, and to minimize harm where it is foreseeable and unavoidable.

3.05 Multiple Relationships

(a) A multiple relationship occurs when a State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  is in a professional role with a person and (1) at the same time is in another role with the same person, (2) at the same time is in a relationship with a person closely associated with or related to the person with whom the State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  has the professional relationship, or (3) promises to enter into another relationship in the future with the person or a person closely associated with or related to the person.

A State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  refrains from entering into a multiple relationship if the multiple relationship could reasonably be expected to impair the State licensed mental health professional's objectivity, competence, or effectiveness in performing his or her functions as a State licensed mental health professional, or otherwise risks exploitation or harm to the person with whom the professional relationship exists.

Multiple relationships that would not reasonably be expected to cause impairment or risk exploitation or harm are not unethical.

(b) If a State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  finds that, due to unforeseen factors, a potentially harmful multiple relationship has arisen, the State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  takes reasonable steps to resolve it with due regard for the best interests of the affected person and maximal compliance with the Ethics Code.

(c) When Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel,are required by law, institutional policy, or extraordinary circumstances to serve in more than one role in judicial or administrative proceedings, at the outset they clarify role expectations and the extent of confidentiality and thereafter as changes occur. (See also Standards 3.04, Avoiding Harm, and 3.07, Third-Party Requests for Services.)

3.06 Conflict of Interest

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, refrain from taking on a professional role when personal, scientific, professional, legal, financial, or other interests or relationships could reasonably be expected to (1) impair their objectivity, competence, or effectiveness in performing their functions as Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, or (2) expose the person or organization with whom the professional relationship exists to harm or exploitation.

3.07 Third-Party Requests for Services

When Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel,agree to provide services to a person or entity at the request of a third party, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, attempt to clarify at the outset of the service the nature of the relationship with all individuals or organizations involved. This clarification includes the role of the State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  (e.g., therapist, consultant, diagnostician, or expert witness), an identification of who is the client, the probable uses of the services provided or the information obtained, and the fact that there may be limits to confidentiality. (See also Standards 3.05, Multiple Relationships, and 4.02, Discussing the Limits of Confidentiality.)

3.08 Exploitative Relationships

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not exploit persons over whom they have supervisory, evaluative, or other authority such as clients/patients, students, supervisees, research participants, and employees.(See also Standards 3.05, Multiple Relationships; 6.04, Fees and Financial Arrangements; 6.05, Barter With Clients/Patients; 7.07, Sexual Relationships With Students and Supervisees; 10.05, Sexual Intimacies With Current Therapy Clients/Patients; 10.06, Sexual Intimacies With Relatives or Significant Others of Current Therapy Clients/Patients; 10.07, Therapy With Former Sexual Partners; and 10.08, Sexual Intimacies With Former Therapy Clients/Patients.)

3.09 Cooperation With Other Professionals

When indicated and professionally appropriate, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, cooperate with other professionals in order to serve their clients/patients effectively and appropriately.(See also Standard 4.05, Disclosures.)

3.10 Informed Consent

(a) When Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, conduct research or provide assessment, therapy, counseling, or consulting services in person or via electronic transmission or other forms of communication, they obtain the informed consent of the individual or individuals using language that is reasonably understandable to that person or persons except when conducting such activities without consent is mandated by law or governmental regulation or as otherwise provided in this Ethics Code.(See also Standards 8.02, Informed Consent to Research; 9.03, Informed Consent in Assessments; and 10.01, Informed Consent to Therapy.)

(b) For persons who are legally incapable of giving informed consent, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, nevertheless (1) provide an appropriate explanation, (2) seek the individual's assent, (3) consider such persons' preferences and best interests, and (4) obtain appropriate permission from a legally authorized person, if such substitute consent is permitted or required by law. When consent by a legally authorized person is not permitted or required by law, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, take reasonable steps to protect the individual's rights and welfare.

(c) When counseling services are court ordered or otherwise mandated, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, inform the individual of the nature of the anticipated services, including whether the services are court ordered or mandated and any limits of confidentiality, before proceeding.

(d) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, appropriately document written or oral consent, permission, and assent. (See also Standards 8.02, Informed Consent to Research; 9.03, Informed Consent in Assessments; and 10.01, Informed Consent to Therapy.)

3.11 Counseling Services Delivered To or Through Organizations

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, delivering services to or through organizations provide information beforehand to clients and when appropriate those directly affected by the services about (1) the nature and objectives of the services, (2) the intended recipients, (3) which of the individuals are clients, (4) the relationship the State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  will have with each person and the organization, (5) the probable uses of services provided and information obtained, (6) who will have access to the information, and (7) limits of confidentiality. As soon as feasible, they provide information about the results and conclusions of such services to appropriate persons.

(b) If Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel,will be precluded by law or by organizational roles from providing such information to particular individuals or groups, they so inform those individuals or groups at the outset of the service.

3.12 Interruption of Counseling Services

Unless otherwise covered by contract, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, make reasonable efforts to plan for facilitating services in the event that counseling services are interrupted by factors such as the State licensed mental health professionals illness, death, unavailability, relocation, or retirement or by the client's/patient's relocation or financial limitations. (See also Standard 6.02c, Maintenance, Dissemination, and Disposal of Confidential Records of Professional and Scientific Work.)

4. Privacy And Confidentiality

4.01 Maintaining Confidentiality

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, have a primary obligation and take reasonable precautions to protect confidential information obtained through or stored in any medium, recognizing that the extent and limits of confidentiality may be regulated by law or established by institutional rules or professional or scientific relationship. (See also Standard 2.05, Delegation of Work to Others.)

4.02 Discussing the Limits of Confidentiality

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, discuss with persons (including, to the extent feasible, persons who are legally incapable of giving informed consent and their legal representatives) and organizations with whom they establish a scientific or professional relationship (1) the relevant limits of confidentiality and (2) the foreseeable uses of the information generated through their counseling activities. (See also Standard 3.10, Informed Consent.)

(b) Unless it is not feasible or is contraindicated, the discussion of confidentiality occurs at the outset of the relationship and thereafter as new circumstances may warrant.

(c) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, who offer services, products, or information via electronic transmission inform clients/patients of the risks to privacy and limits of confidentiality.

4.03 Recording

Before recording the voices or images of individuals to whom they provide services, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, obtain permission from all such persons or their legal representatives. (See also Standards 8.03, Informed Consent for Recording Voices and Images in Research; 8.05, Dispensing With Informed Consent for Research; and 8.07, Deception in Research.)

4.04 Minimizing Intrusions on Privacy

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, include in written and oral reports and consultations, only information germane to the purpose for which the communication is made.

(b) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, discuss confidential information obtained in their work only for appropriate scientific or professional purposes and only with persons clearly concerned with such matters.

4.05 Disclosures

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, may disclose confidential information with the appropriate consent of the organizational client, the individual client/patient, or another legally authorized person on behalf of the clientunless prohibited by law.

(b) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, disclose confidential information without the consent of the individual only as mandated by law, or where permitted by law for a valid purpose such as to (1) provide needed professional services; (2) obtain appropriate professional consultations; (3) protect the client/patient, State licensed mental health professional, or others from harm; or (4) obtain payment for services from a client/patient, in which instance disclosure is limited to the minimum that is necessary to achieve the purpose. (See also Standard 6.04e, Fees and Financial Arrangements.)

4.06 Consultations

When consulting with colleagues, (1) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not disclose confidential information that reasonably could lead to the identification of a client/patient, research participant, or other person or organization with whom they have a confidential relationship unless they have obtained the prior consent of the person or organization or the disclosure cannot be avoided, and (2) they disclose information only to the extent necessary to achieve the purposes of the consultation. (See also Standard 4.01, Maintaining Confidentiality.)

4.07 Use of Confidential Information for Didactic or Other Purposes

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not disclose in their writings, lectures, or other public media, confidential, personally identifiable information concerning their clients/patients, students, research participants, organizational clients, or other recipients of their services that they obtained during the course of their work, unless (1) they take reasonable steps to disguise the person or organization, (2) the person or organization has consented in writing, or (3) there is legal authorization for doing so.

5.Advertising and Other Public Statements

5.01 Avoidance of False or Deceptive Statements

(a) Public statements include but are not limited to paid or unpaid advertising, product endorsements, grant applications, licensing applications, other credentialing applications, brochures, printed matter, directory listings, personal resumes or curricula vitae, or comments for use in media such as print or electronic transmission, statements in legal proceedings, lectures and public oral presentations, and published materials. Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not knowingly make public statements that are false, deceptive, or fraudulent concerning their research, practice, or other work activities or those of persons or organizations with which they are affiliated.

(b) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not make false, deceptive, or fraudulent statements concerning (1) their training, experience, or competence; (2) their academic degrees; (3) their credentials; (4) their institutional or association affiliations; (5) their services; (6) the scientific or clinical basis for, or results or degree of success of, their services; (7) their fees; or (8) their publications or research findings.

5.02 Statements by Others

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, who engage others to create or place public statements that promote their professional practice, products, or activities retain professional responsibility for such statements.

(b) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not compensate employees of press, radio, television, or other communication media in return for publicity in a news item. (See also Standard 1.01, Misuse of State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members   Work.)

(c) A paid advertisement relating to State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members   activities must be identified or clearly recognizable as such.

5.03 Descriptions of Workshops and Non-Degree-Granting Educational Programs

To the degree to which they exercise control, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, responsible for announcements, catalogs, brochures, or advertisements describing workshops, seminars, or other non-degree-granting educational programs ensure that they accurately describe the audience for which the program is intended, the educational objectives, the presenters, and the fees involved.

5.04 Media Presentations

When Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, provide public advice or comment via print, internet, or other electronic transmission, they take precautions to ensure that statements (1) are based on their professional knowledge, training, or experience in accord with appropriate counseling literature and practice; (2) are otherwise consistent with this Ethics Code; and (3) do not indicate that a professional relationship has been established with the recipient. (See also Standard 2.04, Bases for Scientific and Professional Judgments.)

5.05 Testimonials

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not solicit testimonials from current therapy clients/patients or other persons who because of their particular circumstances are vulnerable to undue influence.

5.06 In-Person Solicitation

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not engage, directly or through agents, in uninvited in-person solicitation of business from actual or potential therapy clients/patients or other persons who because of their particular circumstances are vulnerable to undue influence. However, this prohibition does not preclude (1) attempting to implement appropriate collateral contacts for the purpose of benefiting an already engaged therapy clientor (2) providing disaster or community outreach services.

6.Record Keeping and Fees

6.01 Documentation of Professional and Scientific Work and Maintenance of Records

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, create, and to the extent the records are under their control, maintain, disseminate, store, retain, and dispose of records and data relating to their professional and scientific work in order to (1) facilitate provision of services later by them or by other professionals, (2) allow for replication of research design and analyses, (3) meet institutional requirements, (4) ensure accuracy of billing and payments, and (5) ensure compliance with law. (See also Standard 4.01, Maintaining Confidentiality.)

6.02 Maintenance, Dissemination, and Disposal of Confidential Records of Professional and Scientific Work

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, maintain confidentiality in creating, storing, accessing, transferring, and disposing of records under their control, whether these are written, automated, or in any other medium. (See also Standards 4.01, Maintaining Confidentiality, and 6.01, Documentation of Professional and Scientific Work and Maintenance of Records.)

(b) If confidential information concerning recipients of counseling services is entered into databases or systems of records available to persons whose access has not been consented to by the recipient, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, use coding or other techniques to avoid the inclusion of personal identifiers.

(c) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, make plans in advance to facilitate the appropriate transfer and to protect the confidentiality of records and data in the event of State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members   withdrawal from positions or practice. (See also Standards 3.12, Interruption of Counseling Services, and 10.09, Interruption of Therapy.)

6.03 Withholding Records for Nonpayment

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, may not withhold records under their control that are requested and needed for a client's/patient's emergency treatment solely because payment has not been received.

6.04 Fees and Financial Arrangements

(a) As early as is feasible in a professional or scientific relationship, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, and recipients of counseling services reach an agreement specifying compensation and billing arrangements.

(b) State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members   fee practices are consistent with law.

(c) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not misrepresent their fees.

(d) If limitations to services can be anticipated because of limitations in financing, this is discussed with the recipient of services as early as is feasible.(See also Standards 10.09, Interruption of Therapy, and 10.10, Terminating Therapy.)

(e) If the recipient of services does not pay for services as agreed, and if Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, intend to use collection agencies or legal measures to collect the fees, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, first inform the person that such measures will be taken and provide that person an opportunity to make prompt payment. (See also Standards 4.05, Disclosures; 6.03, Withholding Records for Nonpayment; and 10.01, Informed Consent to Therapy.)

6.05 Barter With Clients/Patients

Barter is the acceptance of goods, services, or other non-monetary remuneration from clients/patients in return for counseling services. Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, may barter only if (1) it is not clinically contraindicated, and (2) the resulting arrangement is not exploitative. (See also Standards 3.05, Multiple Relationships, and 6.04, Fees and Financial Arrangements.)

6.06 Accuracy in Reports to Payors and Funding Sources

In their reports to payors for services or sources of research funding, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, take reasonable steps to ensure the accurate reporting of the nature of the service provided or research conducted, the fees, charges, or payments, and where applicable, the identity of the provider, the findings, and the diagnosis. (See also Standards 4.01, Maintaining Confidentiality; 4.04, Minimizing Intrusions on Privacy; and 4.05, Disclosures.)

6.07 Referrals and Fees

When Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, pay, receive payment from, or divide fees with another professional, other than in an employer-employee relationship, the payment to each is based on the services provided (clinical, consultative, administrative, or other) and is not based on the referral itself. (See also Standard 3.09, Cooperation With Other Professionals.)

7. Education and Training

7.01 Design of Education and Training Programs

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, responsible for education and training programs take reasonable steps to ensure that the programs are designed to provide the appropriate knowledge and proper experiences, and to meet the requirements for licensure, certification, or other goals for which claims are made by the program. (See also Standard 5.03, Descriptions of Workshops and Non-Degree-Granting Educational Programs.)

7.02 Descriptions of Education and Training Programs

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, responsible for education and training programs take reasonable steps to ensure that there is a current and accurate description of the program content (including participation in required course- or program-related counseling, psychotherapy, experiential groups, consulting projects, or community service), training goals and objectives, stipends and benefits, and requirements that must be met for satisfactory completion of the program. This information must be made readily available to all interested parties.

7.03 Accuracy in Teaching

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, take reasonable steps to ensure that course syllabi are accurate regarding the subject matter to be covered, bases for evaluating progress, and the nature of course experiences. This standard does not preclude an instructor from modifying course content or requirements when the instructor considers it pedagogically necessary or desirable, so long as students are made aware of these modifications in a manner that enables them to fulfill course requirements. (See also Standard 5.01, Avoidance of False or Deceptive Statements.)

(b) When engaged in teaching or training, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, present counseling information accurately. (See also Standard 2.03, Maintaining Competence.)

7.04 Student Disclosure of Personal Information

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not require students or supervisees to disclose personal information in course- or program-related activities, either orally or in writing, regarding sexual history, history of abuse and neglect, counseling treatment, and relationships with parents, peers, and spouses or significant others except if (1) the program or training facility has clearly identified this requirement in its admissions and program materials or (2) the information is necessary to evaluate or obtain assistance femploymentwhose personal problems could reasonably be judged to be preventing them from performing their training- or professionally related activities in a competent manner or posing a threat to the students or others.

7.05 Mandatory Individual or Group Therapy

(a) When individual or group therapy is a program or course requirement, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, responsible for that program allow students in undergraduate and graduate programs the option of selecting such therapy from practitioners unaffiliated with the program. (See also Standard 7.02, Descriptions of Education and Training Programs.)

(b) Faculty who are or are likely to be responsible for evaluating students' academic performance do not themselves provide that therapy. (See also Standard 3.05, Multiple Relationships.)

7.06 Assessing Student and Supervisee Performance

(a) In academic and supervisory relationships, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, establish a timely and specific process for providing feedback to students and supervisees. Information regarding the process is provided to the student at the beginning of supervision.

(b) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, evaluate students and supervisees on the basis of their actual performance on relevant and established program requirements.

7.07 Sexual Relationships With Students and Supervisees

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not engage in sexual relationships with students or supervisees who are in their department, agency, or training center or over whom Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, have or are likely to have evaluative authority. (See also Standard 3.05, Multiple Relationships.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8.Research and Publication

8.01 Institutional Approval

When institutional approval is required, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, provide accurate information about their research proposals and obtain approval prior to conducting the research. They conduct the research in accordance with the approved research protocol.

8.02 Informed Consent to Research

(a) When obtaining informed consent as required in Standard 3.10, Informed Consent, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, inform participants about (1) the purpose of the research, expected duration, and procedures; (2) their right to decline to participate and to withdraw from the research once participation has begun; (3) the foreseeable consequences of declining or withdrawing; (4) reasonably foreseeable factors that may be expected to influence their willingness to participate such as potential risks, discomfort, or adverse effects; (5) any prospective research benefits; (6) limits of confidentiality; (7) incentives for participation; and (8) whom to contact for questions about the research and research participants' rights. They provide opportunity for the prospective participants to ask questions and receive answers. (See also Standards 8.03, Informed Consent for Recording Voices and Images in Research; 8.05, Dispensing With Informed Consent for Research; and 8.07, Deception in Research.)

(b) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, conducting intervention research involving the use of experimental treatments clarify to participants at the outset of the research (1) the experimental nature of the treatment; (2) the services that will or will not be available to the control group(s) if appropriate; (3) the means by which assignment to treatment and control groups will be made; (4) available treatment alternatives if an individual does not wish to participate in the research or wishes to withdraw once a study has begun; and (5) compensation for or monetary costs of participating including, if appropriate, whether reimbursement from the participant or a third-party payor will be sought. (See also Standard 8.02a, Informed Consent to Research.)

8.03 Informed Consent for Recording Voices and Images in Research

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, obtain informed consent from research participants prior to recording their voices or images for data collection unless (1) the research consists solely of naturalistic observations in public places, and it is not anticipated that the recording will be used in a manner that could cause personal identification or harm, or (2) the research design includes deception, and consent for the use of the recording is obtained during debriefing. (See also Standard 8.07, Deception in Research.)

8.04 Client/Patient, Student, and Subordinate Research Participants

(a) When Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, conduct research with clients/patients, students, or subordinates as participants, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, take steps to protect the prospective participants from adverse consequences of declining or withdrawing from participation.

(b) When research participation is a course requirement or an opportunity for extra credit, the prospective participant is given the choice of equitable alternative activities.

8.05 Dispensing With Informed Consent for Research

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, may dispense with informed consent only (1) where research would not reasonably be assumed to create distress or harm and involves (a) the study of normal educational practices, curricula, or classroom management methods conducted in educational settings; (b) only anonymous questionnaires, naturalistic observations, or archival research for which disclosure of responses would not place participants at risk of criminal or civil liability or damage their financial standing, employability, or reputation, and confidentiality is protected; or (c) the study of factors related to job or organization effectiveness conducted in organizational settings for which there is no risk to participants' employability, and confidentiality is protected or (2) where otherwise permitted by law or federal or institutional regulations.

8.06 Offering Inducements for Research Participation

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, make reasonable efforts to avoid offering excessive or inappropriate financial or other inducements for research participation when such inducements are likely to coerce participation.

(b) When offering professional services as an inducement for research participation, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel,clarify the nature of the services, as well as the risks, obligations, and limitations. (See also Standard 6.05, Barter With Clients/Patients.)

8.07 Deception in Research

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not conduct a study involving deception unless they have determined that the use of deceptive techniques is justified by the study's significant prospective scientific, educational, or applied value and that effective non-deceptive alternative procedures are not feasible.

(b) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel,do not deceive prospective participants about research that is reasonably expected to cause physical pain or severe emotional distress.

(c) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, explain any deception that is an integral feature of the design and conduct of an experiment to participants as early as is feasible, preferably at the conclusion of their participation, but no later than at the conclusion of the data collection, and permit participants to withdraw their data. (See also Standard 8.08, Debriefing.)

8.08 Debriefing

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, provide a prompt opportunity for participants to obtain appropriate information about the nature, results, and conclusions of the research, and they take reasonable steps to correct any misconceptions that participants may have of which the Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, are aware.

(b) If scientific or humane values justify delaying or withholding this information, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, take reasonable measures to reduce the risk of harm.

(c) When Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, become aware that research procedures have harmed a participant, they take reasonable steps to minimize the harm.

8.09 Reporting Research Results

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not fabricate data. (See also Standard 5.01a, Avoidance of False or Deceptive Statements.)

(b) If Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel,discover significant errors in their published data, they take reasonable steps to correct such errors in a correction, retraction, erratum, or other appropriate publication means.

8.10 Plagiarism

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not present portions of another's work or data as their own, even if the other work or data source is cited occasionally.

8.11 Publication Credit

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, take responsibility and credit, including authorship credit, only for work they have actually performed or to which they have substantially contributed. (See also Standard 8.12b, Publication Credit.)

(b) Principal authorship and other publication credits accurately reflect the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their relative status. Mere possession of an institutional position, such as department chair, does not justify authorship credit. Minor contributions to the research or to the writing for publications are acknowledged appropriately, such as in footnotes or in an introductory statement.

(c) Except under exceptional circumstances, a student is listed as principal author on any multiple-authored article that is substantially based on the student's doctoral dissertation. Faculty advisors discuss publication credit with students as early as feasible and throughout the research and publication process as appropriate. (See also Standard 8.12b, Publication Credit.)

8.12 Duplicate Publication of Data

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not publish, as original data, data that have been previously published. This does not preclude republishing data when they are accompanied by proper acknowledgment.

8.13 Sharing Research Data for Verification

(a) After research results are published, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not withhold the data on which their conclusions are based from other competent professionals who seek to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis and who intend to use such data only for that purpose, provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and unless legal rights concerning proprietary data preclude their release. This does not preclude Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, from requiring that such individuals or groups be responsible for costs associated with the provision of such information.

(b) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, who request data from other Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis may use shared data only for the declared purpose. Requesting Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, obtain prior written agreement for all other uses of the data.

8.14 Reviewers

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, who review material submitted for presentation, publication, grant, or research proposal review respect the confidentiality of and the proprietary rights in such information of those who submitted it.

 

 

9.Assessment

9.00 Bases for Assessments

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, base the opinions contained in their recommendations, reports, and diagnostic or evaluative statements, including forensic testimony, on information and techniques sufficient to substantiate their findings. (See also Standard 2.04, Bases for Scientific and Professional Judgments.)

(b) Except as noted in 9.01c, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, provide opinions of the counseling characteristics of individuals only after they have conducted an examination of the individuals adequate to support their statements or conclusions. When, despite reasonable efforts, such an examination is not practical, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, document the efforts they made and the result of those efforts, clarify the probable impact of their limited information on the reliability and validity of their opinions, and appropriately limit the nature and extent of their conclusions or recommendations. (See also Standards 2.01, Boundaries of Competence, and 9.06, Interpreting Assessment Results.)

(c) When Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, conduct a record review or provide consultation or supervision and an individual examination is not warranted or necessary for the opinion, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, explain this and the sources of information on which they based their conclusions and recommendations.

9.02 Use of Assessments

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, administer, adapt, score, interpret, or use assessment techniques, interviews, tests, or instruments in a manner and for purposes that are appropriate in light of the research on or evidence of the usefulness and proper application of the techniques.

(b) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, use assessment instruments whose validity and reliability have been established for use with employees of the population tested. When such validity or reliability has not been established, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, describe the strengths and limitations of test results and interpretation.

(c) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, use assessment methods that are appropriate to an individual's language preference and competence, unless the use of an alternative language is relevant to the assessment issues.

 

 

 

 

9.03 Informed Consent in Assessments

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, obtain informed consent for assessments, evaluations, or diagnostic services, as described in Standard 3.10, Informed Consent, except when (1) testing is mandated by law or governmental regulations; (2) informed consent is implied because testing is conducted as a routine educational, institutional, or organizational activity (e.g., when participants voluntarily agree to assessment when applying for a job); or (3) one purpose of the testing is to evaluate decisional capacity. Informed consent includes an explanation of the nature and purpose of the assessment, fees, involvement of third parties, and limits of confidentiality and sufficient opportunity for the client to ask questions and receive answers.

(b) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, inform persons with questionable capacity to consent or for whom testing is mandated by law or governmental regulations about the nature and purpose of the proposed assessment services, using language that is reasonably understandable to the person being assessed.

(c) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, using the services of an interpreter obtain informed consent from the client to use that interpreter, ensure that confidentiality of test results and test security are maintained, and include in their recommendations, reports, and diagnostic or evaluative statements, including forensic testimony, discussion of any limitations on the data obtained. (See also Standards 2.05, Delegation of Work to Others; 4.01, Maintaining Confidentiality; 9.01, Bases for Assessments; 9.06, Interpreting Assessment Results; and 9.07, Assessment by Unqualified Persons.)

9.04 Release of Test Data

(a) The term test data refers to raw and scaled scores, client responses to test questions or stimuli, and State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members   notes and recordings concerning client statements and behavior during an examination. Those portions of test materials that include client responses are included in the definition of test data. Pursuant to a client release, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, provide test data to the client or other persons identified in the release. Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, may refrain from releasing test data to protect a client or others from substantial harm or misuse or misrepresentation of the data or the test, recognizing that in many instances law regulates release of confidential information under these circumstances. (See also Standard 9.11, Maintaining Test Security.)

(b) In the absence of a client release, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, provide test data only as required by law or court order.

9.05 Test Construction

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, who develop tests and other assessment techniques use appropriate psychometric procedures and current scientific or professional knowledge for test design, standardization, validation, reduction or elimination of bias, and recommendations for use.

9.06 Interpreting Assessment Results

When interpreting assessment results, including automated interpretations, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, take into account the purpose of the assessment as well as the various test factors, test-taking abilities, and other characteristics of the person being assessed, such as situational, personal, linguistic, and cultural differences, that might affect State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members   judgments or reduce the accuracy of their interpretations. They indicate any significant limitations of their interpretations. (See also Standards 2.01b and c, Boundaries of Competence, and 3.01, Unfair Discrimination.)

9.07 Assessment by Unqualified Persons

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not promote the use of counseling assessment techniques by unqualified persons, except when such use is conducted for training purposes with appropriate supervision. (See also Standard 2.05, Delegation of Work to Others.)

9.08 Obsolete Tests and Outdated Test Results

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not base their assessment or intervention decisions or recommendations on data or test results that are outdated for the current purpose.

(b) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not base such decisions or recommendations on tests and measures that are obsolete and not useful for the current purpose.

9.09 Test Scoring and Interpretation Services

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, who offer assessment or scoring services to other professionals accurately describe the purpose, norms, validity, reliability, and applications of the procedures and any special qualifications applicable to their use.

(b) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, select scoring and interpretation services (including automated services) on the basis of evidence of the validity of the program and procedures as well as on other appropriate considerations. (See also Standard 2.01b and c, Boundaries of Competence.)

(c) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, retain responsibility for the appropriate application, interpretation, and use of assessment instruments, whether they score and interpret such tests themselves or use automated or other services.

9.10 Explaining Assessment Results

Regardless of whether the scoring and interpretation are done by State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  .  , by employees or assistants, or by automated or other outside services, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, take reasonable steps to ensure that explanations of results are given to the individual or designated representative unless the nature of the relationship precludes provision of an explanation of results (such as in some organizational consulting, pre-employment or security screenings, and forensic evaluations), and this fact has been clearly explained to the person being assessed in advance.

9.11. Maintaining Test Security

The term test materials refers to manuals, instruments, protocols, and test questions or stimuli and does not include test data as defined in Standard 9.04, Release of Test Data. Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, make reasonable efforts to maintain the integrity and security of test materials and other assessment techniques consistent with law and contractual obligations, and in a manner that permits adherence to this Ethics Code.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.Therapy

10.01 Informed Consent to Therapy

(a) When obtaining informed consent to therapy as required in Standard 3.10, Informed Consent, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, inform clients/patients as early as is feasible in the therapeutic relationship about the nature and anticipated course of therapy, fees, involvement of third parties, and limits of confidentiality and provide sufficient opportunity for the client to ask questions and receive answers. (See also Standards 4.02, Discussing the Limits of Confidentiality, and 6.04, Fees and Financial Arrangements.)

(b) When obtaining informed consent for treatment for which generally recognized techniques and procedures have not been established, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, inform their clients/patients of the developing nature of the treatment, the potential risks involved, alternative treatments that may be available, and the voluntary nature of their participation. (See also Standards 2.01e, Boundaries of Competence, and 3.10, Informed Consent.)

(c) When the therapist is a trainee and the legal responsibility for the treatment provided resides with the supervisor, the client/patient, as part of the informed consent procedure, is informed that the therapist is in training and is being supervised and is given the name of the supervisor.

10.02 Therapy Involving Couples or Families

(a) When Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, agree to provide services to several persons who have a relationship (such as spouses, significant others, or parents and children), they take reasonable steps to clarify at the outset (1) which of the individuals are clients/patients and (2) the relationship the State licensed mental health professionals administrative and executive staff members  will have with each person. This clarification includes the State licensed mental health professionals role and the probable uses of the services provided or the information obtained. (See also Standard 4.02, Discussing the Limits of Confidentiality.)

(b) If it becomes apparent that Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, may be called on to perform potentially conflicting roles (such as family therapist and then witness for one party in divorce proceedings), Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, take reasonable steps to clarify and modify, or withdraw from, roles appropriately. (See also Standard 3.05c, Multiple Relationships.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.03 Group Therapy

When Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, provide services to several persons in a group setting, they describe at the outset the roles and responsibilities of all parties and the limits of confidentiality.

10.04 Providing Therapy to Those Served by Others

In deciding whether to offer or provide services to those already receiving mental health services elsewhere, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, carefully consider the treatment issues and the potential client's/patient's welfare. Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, discuss these issues with the clientor another legally authorized person on behalf of the client in order to minimize the risk of confusion and conflict, consult with the other service providers when appropriate, and proceed with caution and sensitivity to the therapeutic issues.

10.05 Sexual Intimacies With Current Therapy Clients/Patients

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not engage in sexual intimacies with current therapy clients/patients.

10.06 Sexual Intimacies With Relatives or Significant Others of Current Therapy Clients/Patients

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not engage in sexual intimacies with individuals they know to be close relatives, guardians, or significant others of current clients/patients. Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not terminate therapy to circumvent this standard.

10.07 Therapy With Former Sexual Partners

Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not accept as therapy clients/patients persons with whom they have engaged in sexual intimacies.

10.08 Sexual Intimacies With Former Therapy Clients/Patients

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not engage in sexual intimacies with former clients/patients for at least two years after cessation or termination of therapy.

(b) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, do not engage in sexual intimacies with former clients/patients even after a two-year interval except in the most unusual circumstances. Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, who engage in such activity after the two years following cessation or termination of therapy and of having no sexual contact with the former client bear the burden of demonstrating that there has been no exploitation, in light of all relevant factors, including (1) the amount of time that has passed since therapy terminated; (2) the nature, duration, and intensity of the therapy; (3) the circumstances of termination; (4) the client's/patient's personal history; (5) the client's/patient's current mental status; (6) the likelihood of adverse impact on the client/patient; and (7) any statements or actions made by the therapist during the course of therapy suggesting or inviting the possibility of a post termination sexual or romantic relationship with the client/patient. (See also Standard 3.05, Multiple Relationships.)

10.09 Interruption of Therapy

When entering into employment or contractual relationships, Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, make reasonable efforts to provide for orderly and appropriate resolution of responsibility for clientcare in the event that the employment or contractual relationship ends, with paramount consideration given to the welfare of the client/patient. (See also Standard 3.12, Interruption of Counseling Services.)

10.10 Terminating Therapy

(a) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, terminate therapy when it becomes reasonably clear that the client no longer needs the service, is not likely to benefit, or is being harmed by continued service.

(b) Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, may terminate therapy when threatened or otherwise endangered by the client or another person with whom the client has a relationship.

(c) Except where precluded by the actions of clients/patients or third-party payors, prior to termination Ru'ah Counseling Centers Inc clinical, administrative and executive personnel, provide pre-termination counseling and suggest alternative service providers as appropriate.

Effective Date Footnote

This code of ethics is retroactively enacted by executive order on July 9 of 2014. It will be adopted and ratified at the next meeting of the RCC Board of Directors.

Reference

This Ethics Code was based upon The National Board for Certified Pastoral Counselors Ethics Code. ( January 27, 2003 ). http://www.nbcpc.org/pastoral-counseling/article/code-of-ethics